In the English language, words can be considered as the smallest elements that have distinctive meanings. Based on their use and functions, words are categorized into several types or parts of speech. This article will offer definitions and examples for the 8 parts of speech in English grammar: noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, conjunction, preposition, and interjection.
Parts of Speech in English
The 8 main parts of speech in English are:
Noun definition: A word used to identify any of a class of people, places, or things, or to name a particular one of these.
Noun examples: lady, road, tree, love, dream, pencil, Bob, Mary
Noun example sentences:
- The lady put her wallet in her purse.
- The road was wet and slippery.
- I saw Bob in town with his girlfriend.
Pronoun definition: A word that can function as a noun phrase used by itself and that refers either to the participants in the discourse or to someone or something mentioned elsewhere in the discourse.
Pronoun examples: he, she, it, I, you, we, they
Pronoun example sentences:
- He is optimistic about the future.
- You cannot clap with one hand.
- They are preparing for the presentation of a new musical.
Verb definition: A word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, and forming the main part of the predicate of a sentence, such as hear, become, happen.
Verb examples: run, fly, work, show, is, become, bring, write
Verb example sentences:
- I can run a mile in 5 minutes.
- The boy decided not to become a sailor.
- He could barely read and write.
Adverb definition: A word or phrase that modifies or qualifies an adjective, verb, or other adverb or a word group, expressing a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, degree, etc.
Adverb examples: quickly, gently, extremely, carefully, well, fast, beautifully
Adverb example sentences:
- I ate too quickly and got hiccoughs.
- We compared the two reports carefully.
Adjective definition: A word naming an attribute of a noun, such as sweet, red, or technical.
Adjective examples: new, fat, pretty, old, blue, smart, intelligent, young
Adjective example sentences:
- That’s a pretty hat you’re wearing.
- You look very smart in your new suit.
Conjunction definition: A word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause.
Conjunction examples: and, but, or, however, moreover, while, because
Conjunction example sentences:
- Our bus won’t start because the battery is flat.
- You can lead a horse to water, but you can’t make it drink.
Preposition definition: A word governing, and usually preceding, a noun or pronoun and expressing a relation to another word or element in the clause.
Preposition examples: in, on, at, about, with, over, around, through, during, above
Preposition example sentences:
- He raised his arms above his head.
- I can hear voices through the wall.
Interjection definition: An abrupt remark, especially as an aside or interruption.
Interjection examples: Oh!, Wow!, Oops!, Hey!
Interjection example sentences:
- Wow! That car certainly goes fast!
- Hey! Can I just ask you something?
8 Parts of Speech | Infographic
8 Parts of Speech in English
Parts of Speech Quiz
Take a look at these sentences and choose the correct answer.