Parts of Speech: 8 Parts of Speech with Example Sentences

Parts of Speech!!! This article will show definitions and examples for the 8 parts of speech in English grammar:  noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, conjunction, preposition, and interjection.

Parts of Speech in English

Based on use and functions, words are categorized into several types or parts of speech.

The 8 main parts of speech in English are:

Noun

Noun definition: A word used to identify any of a class of people, places, or things, or to name a particular one of these.

Noun examples: lady, road, tree, love, dream, pencil, Bob, Mary

Noun example sentences:

  • The lady put her wallet in her purse.
  • The road was wet and slippery.
  • I saw Bob in town with his girlfriend.

Pronoun

Pronoun definition: A word that can function as a noun phrase used by itself and that refers either to the participants in the discourse or to someone or something mentioned elsewhere in the discourse.

Pronoun examples: he, she, it, I, you, we, they

Pronoun example sentences:

  • He is optimistic about the future.
  • You cannot clap with one hand.
  • They are preparing for the presentation of a new musical.

Verb

Verb definition: A word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, and forming the main part of the predicate of a sentence, such as hear, become, happen.

Verb examples: run, fly, work, show, is, become, bring, write

Verb example sentences:

  • I can run a mile in 5 minutes.
  • The boy decided not to become a sailor.
  • He could barely read and write.

Adverb

Adverb definition: A word or phrase that modifies or qualifies an adjective, verb, or other adverb or a word group, expressing a relation of place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, degree, etc.

Adverb examples: quickly, gently, extremely, carefully, well, fast, beautifully

Adverb example sentences:

  • I ate too quickly and got hiccoughs.
  • We compared the two reports carefully.

Adjective

Adjective definition: A word naming an attribute of a noun, such as sweet, red, or technical.

Adjective examples: new, fat, pretty, old, blue, smart, intelligent, young

Adjective example sentences:

  • That’s a pretty hat you’re wearing.
  • You look very smart in your new suit.

Conjunction

Conjunction definition: A word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause.

Conjunction examples: and, but, or, however, moreover, while, because

Conjunction example sentences:

  • Our bus won’t start because the battery is flat.
  • You can lead a horse to water, but you can’t make it drink.

Preposition

Preposition definition: A word governing, and usually preceding, a noun or pronoun and expressing a relation to another word or element in the clause.

Preposition examples: in, on, at, about, with, over, around, through, during, above

Preposition example sentences:

  • He raised his arms above his head.
  • I can hear voices through the wall.

Interjection

Interjection definition: An abrupt remark, especially as an aside or interruption.

Interjection examples: Oh!, Wow!,  Oops!, Hey!

Interjection example sentences:

  • Wow! That car certainly goes fast!
  • Hey! Can I just ask you something?

8 Parts of Speech | Infographic

8 Parts of Speech in English

8 Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech Quiz

Take a look at these sentences and choose the correct answer.

Parts of Speech: 8 Parts of Speech with Example Sentences 1

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